Namibia Round Trip
Welcome to Namibia
The name "Namibia" comes from the Namib, the oldest desert in the world. This sea of dunes extends over 2000 km from the Garieb River in the south to the Kunene River in the north.
This overwhelming country is two and a half times the size of the Federal Republic of Germany (824 000 square kilometres). It is known for its beautiful, diverse landscapes: the always moving dunes, the flat savannahs, the dry sandy riverbeds in the desert region, the high central plateau and the flat Etosha Pan, which is one of the most magnificent game parks in the world. Namibia, despite its low population, has 13 different ethnic groups. Of the 2 million inhabitants, a quarter lives in cities — the largest city in Windhoek - the capital.
Historical background: Namibia's history is as varied and diverse as its landscapes. The first inhabitants were the San, hunter-gatherers (Bushmen), who hunted and lived on the vast and sunny plains. They were followed by the Damara in the west, the Nama in the south and the Wambo and Herero. Who settled in the north and central parts of the country, respectively.
The Portuguese sailors were the first Europeans to land here in their search for a sea route to the Far East. The early European settlers were mainly German and British missionaries who established mission stations here at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century.
In the late 19th century other interests of the colonial powers in Namibia became apparent. In 1884, the Hamburg merchant, Adolf Lüderitz, was the first German to succeed in negotiating the Namibian coastline. The port of Walvis Bay and the Guano Islands were the only areas he could not own, as they were already under British rule.
As a first goal, the German government wanted to introduce new laws to create state order. However, as this colonial community grew and the economy advanced, the Herero and Nama distrusted this development and saw it as a direct threat to their freedom.
There were several uprisings in the following years, as a result of which the Herero people suffered the most significant losses. During the First World War, South West Africa was the first German possession to fall into the hands of the Western Allies.
In 1915 a South African military administration was established in Windhoek. After the war, the Treaty of Versailles declared South West Africa as the mandate area of South Africa. During the fifties, the locals increasingly resisted South African domination. After many years of unrest and uprisings by SWAPO (South West African People's Organisation) against South Africa, the first democratic elections were held in Namibia in February 1990. Sam Nujoma, who came back to the country after 30 years of exile, was unanimously elected Namibia's first president.
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